The cornea is the clear front window of the eye that transmits and focuses light into the eye. A corneal abrasion is a scratch or scrape on the cornea.
Causes of Corneal Abrasions
Corneal abrasions may occur for a variety of reasons, such as:
- something getting in the eye
- foreign matter getting stuck under the eyelid
- sports injuries
- getting poked in the eye
- improperly fitted or maintained contact lenses
- rubbing the eyes
- having surgery under general anesthesia
- contracting certain bacterial eye infections
Symptoms of Corneal Abrasions
Symptoms of a corneal abrasion include:
- feeling like there is something in the eye
- light sensitivity
- blurry vision
When corneal abrasion leads to scarring, it can seriously affect vision. That’s why it’s crucial to see an Eye M.D. in the event any of these symptoms are noted.
Diagnosing and Treating a Corneal Abrasion
To accurately diagnose a corneal abrasion, the Ophthalmologist will examine the eye. A fluorescein eye stain may be performed. This test uses orange dye and a blue light to detect corneal damage.
A minor abrasion will usually heal on its own in a few days. Antibiotic eye drops, ointment, or steroid drops may be prescribed to reduce the chance of corneal scarring.
The eye may be patched, and pain medication may also be given. Wearing sunglasses during the healing period can often lessen discomfort.
If you’re located in central New Jersey and you’re suffering from any of the symptoms described above, contact Atlantic Medical Eye Care for assistance.